The Influence of television on preschool children
What is so dangerous watching TV or video programs pre-school children? What happens to the child when he is watching a cartoon on TV or “educational drive” on your computer screen?
The first reason is physiological.
We know that during the first years of a child’s life eye is growing rapidly. Visual analyzer Matures only by 7-8 years. And therefore, in the first years of life of a preschooler and his eyesight is very vulnerable.
In order to clearly see the image, the visual system of the child is strained. This happens unconsciously and imperceptibly, and does not depend on our will, viewing distance, lighting, and other factors. When viewed constantly moving images on the screen the child’s eyes are constantly strained. And if this voltage occurs frequently or for a long period of time, the compensatory potential of the organ of vision can no longer restrain future violations.
The findings of all physiologists and physicians is very simple and categorical. To four, and preferably five years of age children is generally not recommended to watch TV and computer video programs. And the reason is not only eye strain, but also overload the Central nervous system, which then very quietly and gradually leads to hyperactivity of the child, attention deficit disorder, development delay, speech and other serious violations.
The second reason is psychological
According to UNESCO, the amount of time spent pre-schoolers at the screen, exceeds the amount of time their communication with adults in the family. And this is understandable! When a child in front of the TV or computer – it’s convenient for us as adults. Kid busy, looks like something cognitive (written on the box that even developing), not bothering with questions, no need for them to put toys away, no need to scrub from the Desk of paint and clay, you can at this time go about their business and relax at the end etc. Yes, it’s convenient! Very convenient! But the result of this convenience is sad. There were consequences.
The lag in the development of speech . And because it determines the success of any activity cheoveka as being public, social! Without speech will not Express my idea, not arguing your opinion, does not agree and will not ask questions etc. It develops only in a live conversation with people! When the child watches the video, he is passionate about constantly changing pictures and hear the text. This has been proven in numerous experiments. In recent decades the number of children with serious speech disorders has increased more than six times. The child need to communicate with my mother in the creative arts – sculpting, video games, drawing, work, out and about! And the screen can never replace this communication!
Inner emptiness and a constant need for new “hyperstimulate” view new pictures, games, cartoons from the screen.
Hyperactivity, inability to concentrate, inability to perceive the information on the hearing, attention deficit disorder, confusion.
The lack of interest in creative activities – preschooler’s not interesting to make up games with toys, listen to stories, to construct fairy city and draw. He becomes a hostage of more and more stimulation from the screen. It is much easier to press the button and wait passively to keep you entertained, than to be active. But in life, winning the only active people! Not sure? Read the book “let’s do it.” Richard Branson, and You will realize that even millionaires success comes not just. Useless to wait, we must act! As a child, sitting at the screen, not accustomed to act, and to wait.
THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT! After watching the cartoons and movies with scenes of aggression increases aggression of children. It is scientifically proven by psychologists.
Why in our country these are freely distributed program for preschoolers— both foreign and domestic analogs? The answer is simple: Russia has no expertise on educational video for children, and consequently, no one appreciates the real value of the product and its quality. Therefore, it is possible to release and advertise anything.
How long can you watch TV child?
On the recommendations of optometrists, the duration of watching television or video programs for children three to seven years should not exceed 30 minutes. This safe duration of watching. The maximum allowable length view – 40-50 minutes a day with a break. The maximum allowable duration is uncommon and not normal TV viewing or video.
Why are foreign cartoons do not consider this recommended for preschoolers duration of view?
Importantly for manufacturers of children’s cartoons is to ensure a good rental, and hence profit. Profit can produce either long full-length cartoon or a series of cartoons. Short cartoons (which would be consistent with the peculiarities of perception of the child and hygienic norms) to produce unprofitable, and at a loss no one will do for mass rental.
At what distance from the eye must be the TV?
The distance from the child’s eyes to the TV screen should not be less than three meters. The screen size is 21 inch and more. The bigger the screen, the greater should be the distance from the eyes of a child. It does not have a value characteristic of the screen is flat, he or normal plasma or LCD.
Does the room lighting on the load of the eye and their fatigue when watching TV?
Yes, it does. If a child watches TV or videos in the evening, then it is necessary to include lighting in the room. While watching TV in the darkness there is a striking contrast between the lighting and screen, and his eyes tired faster. TV should be watched! It is also important for less strain on the eyes.